How to Invest in Share Market in India? Basics of Stock Market for Beginners
I’ve seen many people searching for guides, looking for mentors to Enter into Stock Market. Investing in Share Market is not that difficult as the General Notions of the society. Today in this Blog Post, we will guide you How to Invest in Share Market in India Online.
- What is a Stock Market or Share Market?
- What’s Required to Start Investing in the Market?
- What is a DEMAT Account? How to Open DEMAT Account in India?
- How To Do Research About Stocks for Investing?
- 7 Points to Take Care of As a Beginner in Stock Market Investing
A Stock Market is a Marketplace where you Buy and Sell shares of the companies. The Stock market facilitates the sale and purchase of stocks between individual investors, institutions, and companies.
In India, you cannot Buy and Sell shares directly in the Stock Market yourself. Hence, you will have to buy or sell shares through registered stock brokers. There are many Stock brokers in India through whom you can Invest and Trade in the stock market.
You send a request to the Broker through its App Or website to Buy or Sell stocks. It helps you in getting your order executed in exchange for some charge/fee (Brokerage).
What’s Required to Start Investing in the Market?
For investing in the Indian stock market, Here are the essentials that you need to start trading in share market:
1. Savings Account (With Any Public or Private Bank)
2. Trading and Demat account (we’ll tell you what it is)
3. Computer/Laptop/Mobile (Anyone would suffice)
4. Internet connection
What is a DEMAT Account? How to Open DEMAT Account in India?
A Demat Account (short for a Dematerialized account) is an account where you hold your purchased Stocks in electronic format. We can say that like we keep our money in Bank Account, we keep our securities in DEMAT Account.
For opening a DEMAT account, the following Documents are required:
- PAN Card
- Aadhar card (as address proof)
- Passport size photos or Selfie for Online Registration
You can get your DEMAT & trading account opened with Brokers like Zerodha, Sharekhan, Angel Broking, ICICIdirect, Kotak Security etc. It takes a day or two for successful Account opening.
Benefits of Opening your account with a Broker like Zerodha :
- Invest in Everything– Single Platform for Investing in Stocks, IPOs, Futures & Options and more…
- Paperless & Easy Account Opening (Using Aadhar based KYC)
- No Hidden Charges
- Brokerage is Just 0.05% per trade or max Rs.20 (whichever is lower)
- Zero Brokerage on Delivery Trades
In short, if you are planning to open a new trading account, I would recommend opening the account with a discount broker so that you can save lots of brokerages. If you’re interested to open your account with Zerodha, here’s the direct link to fill account opening application!. You just need to enter your e-mail Address & Verify your Mobile Number via OTP to get started to Demat account opening.
How To Do Research About Stocks for Investing?
There are 1000s of Companies listed On Indian Stock Market and its not possible to analyse each company Fundamentally & technically. It would take years to do so.
Also, not all stocks are good for investing. Some are overvalued or some may have weak fundamentals or any other issue. So, as a beginner, it is important for you to learn how to evaluate the stocks and pick the right ones for yourself.
Start with Popular Large Cap Companies like Reliance, TCS, HDFC Bank, ITC, Nestle, etc. There are some 50 popular stocks known as NIFTY50 (Top 50 of NSE) or Sensex30 (Top 30 of BSE) which you can start with.You can also go for Market Leaders or Companies which are leaders of their respective industry.
|Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Ltd.||SERVICES||ADANIPORTS|
|Asian Paints Ltd.||CONSUMER GOODS||ASIANPAINT|
|Axis Bank Ltd.||FINANCIAL SERVICES||AXISBANK|
|Bajaj Auto Ltd.||AUTOMOBILE||BAJAJ-AUTO|
|Bajaj Finance Ltd.||FINANCIAL SERVICES||BAJFINANCE|
|Bajaj Finserv Ltd.||FINANCIAL SERVICES||BAJAJFINSV|
|Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd.||OIL & GAS||BPCL|
|Bharti Airtel Ltd.||TELECOM||BHARTIARTL|
|Britannia Industries Ltd.||CONSUMER GOODS||BRITANNIA|
|Coal India Ltd.||METALS||COALINDIA|
|Divi's Laboratories Ltd.||PHARMA||DIVISLAB|
|Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Ltd.||PHARMA||DRREDDY|
|Eicher Motors Ltd.||AUTOMOBILE||EICHERMOT|
|GAIL (India) Ltd.||OIL & GAS||GAIL|
|Grasim Industries Ltd.||CEMENT & CEMENT PRODUCTS||GRASIM|
|HCL Technologies Ltd.||IT||HCLTECH|
|HDFC Bank Ltd.||FINANCIAL SERVICES||HDFCBANK|
|HDFC Life Insurance Company Ltd.||FINANCIAL SERVICES||HDFCLIFE|
|Hero MotoCorp Ltd.||AUTOMOBILE||HEROMOTOCO|
|Hindalco Industries Ltd.||METALS||HINDALCO|
|Hindustan Unilever Ltd.||CONSUMER GOODS||HINDUNILVR|
|Housing Development Finance Corporation Ltd.||FINANCIAL SERVICES||HDFC|
|ICICI Bank Ltd.||FINANCIAL SERVICES||ICICIBANK|
|ITC Ltd.||CONSUMER GOODS||ITC|
|Indian Oil Corporation Ltd.||OIL & GAS||IOC|
|IndusInd Bank Ltd.||FINANCIAL SERVICES||INDUSINDBK|
|JSW Steel Ltd.||METALS||JSWSTEEL|
|Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd.||FINANCIAL SERVICES||KOTAKBANK|
|Larsen & Toubro Ltd.||CONSTRUCTION||LT|
|Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd.||AUTOMOBILE||M&M|
|Maruti Suzuki India Ltd.||AUTOMOBILE||MARUTI|
|Nestle India Ltd.||CONSUMER GOODS||NESTLEIND|
|Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Ltd.||OIL & GAS||ONGC|
|Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd.||POWER||POWERGRID|
|Reliance Industries Ltd.||OIL & GAS||RELIANCE|
|SBI Life Insurance Company Ltd.||FINANCIAL SERVICES||SBILIFE|
|Shree Cement Ltd.||CEMENT & CEMENT PRODUCTS||SHREECEM|
|State Bank of India||FINANCIAL SERVICES||SBIN|
|Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.||PHARMA||SUNPHARMA|
|Tata Consultancy Services Ltd.||IT||TCS|
|Tata Motors Ltd.||AUTOMOBILE||TATAMOTORS|
|Tata Steel Ltd.||METALS||TATASTEEL|
|Tech Mahindra Ltd.||IT||TECHM|
|Titan Company Ltd.||CONSUMER GOODS||TITAN|
|UPL Ltd.||FERTILISERS & PESTICIDES||UPL|
|UltraTech Cement Ltd.||CEMENT & CEMENT PRODUCTS||ULTRACEMCO|
7 Points to Take Care of As a Beginner in Stock Market Investing
1. Start with Small Capital
Start with a small Capital. Don’t Go All In, for the greed of higher returns. Invest only surplus or additional Funds. You can start with as low as Rs 1000/- Only. Increase your Investment Amount with time and when you get enough confidence of Trading in Stock Market.
2. Don’t Go for Calls or Tipsters
If you Join Some Stock market-Related Group or Page on Facebook, Telegram, Instagram etc. You will easily spot many persons selling the Calls (Buying-Selling Signals) & promising 2x, 3x returns on your capital. Most of these are frauds who are here to make money by selling their courses or alerts. Never go for such scams. This the reason why 90% of people lose money in Stock Market. Do your own homework and try to learn yourself & never rely on these Broker recommendation alone.
3. Have Patience & Believe in Your Strategy
Whenever you Analyse a Stock Fundamentally or technically and invest in a particular company you should have a Firm Belief in your Strategy. You should be confident Enough of your strategy, Only then you’ll be able to get profits from your Investments. Invest in that sector, of which you have good knowledge. Strategize whether you want to invest in IT Sector Stocks, Power Sector Stocks, FMCG Stocks, Pharma Stocks, etc. Although, It’s advised to have a Diversified Portfolio i.e. to have a good mix of stocks from many sectors.
4. Create an Investment Plan
You should have a plan for your investments whether you want to invest in Lump-sum or You want to invest weekly, monthly or at regular Intervals. For Example, You may set yourself a plan that I’ll be investing Rs. 2k per month in the Stock Market or Rs. 10k every 3 months depending on you income & risk-taking capability.
5. Money Makes Money
You need Money to invest in the Stock Market. Unless you’ve enough funds by your side, Don’t Hinder your education or Fixed Income Generating Sources for the sake of Stock market. Although Many People turn to full-time trading or investing but only after gaining good knowledge, experience & Having good amount of funds. Invest in Yourself first, then anywhere else.
6. Read some Investment Books
There are a number of Good books on Share Market investing that you can read to get a basic idea of How Share Market or Stock Market Works. Here I’m listing a few of my personal favourites which are good for beginners:
- The Intelligent Investor
- Learn to Earn – A Beginners Guide to Investing
- How to Avoid Loss & Earn Consistently in the Stock Market
7. Pay your Loans OR EMI’s First
Never Invest Borrowed Money in the Stock Market. Also, If you’ve some Pending or Overdue Loans, EMIs, Bills – Pay them first. Only Invest Your Surplus or additional funds.
That’s All from us, we tried answering these questions through this post:
- How to Invest in Share Market in India Online?
- How to invest in Stock Market in India?
- How to invest in Share market Online?
- How to Invest in Share Market for Beginners?
If you have any queries or doubts feel free to comment down below. Visit our Blog for more such Posts on Stock Market Basics.